Course Content

Geography

The field courses comprise of instructional mode and enquiry mode which are in line with the Curriculum and Assessment Guide of Geography (Secondary 4-6) jointly presented by Curriculum Development and Hong Kong Examinations and Assessment Authority.

The courses develop the geographical knowledge, skills and value which are essential in Senior Secondary Geography. Both instructional mode and enquiry mode seek a real balance between the three objectives. The instruction mode with the ‘look and see’ approach is suitable to Senior Secondary beginners. The enquiry mode provides more sophisticated ways to explore the geographical issues with more advanced skills and value.

Course

  1. Coastal Environment
  2. Physical Environment of Cheung Chau
  3. Sustainable Development of Cheung Chau
  4. Traffic and Pedestrian Flow Studies
  5. Drifting Classroom
  6. Managing River and Stream Quality
  7. Exploring Urban Environment
  8. Urban Land Use
  9. Woodland Ecosystem Discovery
  10. Studies of Island Weather
  11. Dynamic Earth: From Theory to Practice of Geoconservation

1

Coastal Environment

Course Intro

Cheung Chau is an island with numerous coastal landforms. This course aims to understand how atmospheric factor, geological factor, marine factor and human activities affect the coastal environment. This topic is relevant to the curriculum of “Managing Rivers and Coastal Environments” and “Dynamic Earth”.

Field-sites

Cheung Chau coastal area

Knowledge

To understand coastal environment, erosional and depositional processes and landforms
To figure out how coastal management measures affect coastal environment

Values

To appreciate the beauty of the nature

Skills

Weather condition measurement
To analyze spatial data by employing Global Positioning System and Google Earth

2

Physical Environment of Cheung Chau

Course Intro

Igneous rock, a common rock type in Cheung Chau and Hong Kong, forms a lot of distinctive landforms after a long period of weathering and erosion. Through observing different weathering and erosional landforms, students will analyse how surrounding environment and geology affect the formation of natural landscapes in respect of endogenic processes and exogenic processes. This topic is relevant to the curriculum of “Managing Rivers and Coastal Environments” and “Dynamic Earth”.

Field-sites

Little Great Wall to Nam Tum

Knowledge

To observe the geology in Cheung Chau
To understand the physical landscapes in relation to internal and external processes (weathering, erosion and mass wasting)

Values

To appreciate and cherish the invaluable geological resources

Skills

To practice geological fieldwork techniques
Weather condition measurement

3

Sustainable Development of Cheung Chau

Course Intro

Sustainable development is a crucial governing principle of urban planning and design nowadays. This course aims to investigate the sustainability of urban planning and development in Cheung Chau through a series of sustainability indicators under environmental, economic and social aspects. This topic is relevant to the curriculum of “Building a Sustainable City”.

Field-sites

Cheung Chau downtown

Knowledge

To understand different sustainability indicators
To investigate the sustainability of the study area

Values

To develop students’ awareness of sustainable development

Skills

Environmental quality measurement
Iand use mapping
Laboratory work of water samples
Second-hand data analysis

4

Traffic and Pedestrian Flow Studies

Course Intro

Cheung Chau is characterized by unique transport modes which are mainly walking and bicycle. In this course, students will understand the factors affecting the spatial variation of transport system and transport modes through on-site observation and data collection. This topic is relevant to the curriculum of “Transport Development, Planning and Management”.

Field-sites

Cheung Chau downtown

Knowledge

To understand the relationship between location, transport system and logistics
to understand the pros and cons of transport planning and management

Values

to show concerns about sustainable transport development

Skills

Conducting survey, data collection and comparison

5

Drifting Classroom

Course Intro

Hong Kong is a hilly area where we can find many rivers and streams. Different fluvial landforms are formed along the rivers according to the changing of fluvial processes from the upper course to the lower course. At the same time, they are also subjected to the impacts of human activities. By finding out the differences of river characteristics between River Silver in Mui Wo and a typical river, students will have better understanding on fluvial processes and the impacts of rural development. This topic is relevant to the curriculum of “Managing Rivers and Coastal Environments”.

Field-sites

River Silver, Mui Wo

Knowledge

To identify the characteristics of river courses and the associated landforms.
To relate the fluvial processes with the characteristics of river courses and the associated landforms.
To analyze how human factors (e.g. river management measures and land use) affect the characteristics of river courses.

Values

To appreciate the natural beauty of rivers.
To respect and treasure the intimate relationship between rivers, ecosystem and settlement.

Skills

To collect field data by appropriate equipment.
Land use classification

6

Managing River and Stream Quality

Course Intro

The river characteristics as well as stream quality may change along with the development of rural areas. By comparing the water quality and its surrounding areas of the upper course, middle course and lower course of the rivers in Mui Wo, students are able to have an in-depth analysis of the major reasons of water pollution and the related management strategies. This topic is relevant to the curriculum of “Managing Rivers and Coastal Environments”.

Field-sites

River Silver and Wang Tong River, MuiWo

Knowledge

To Identify the sources and types of stream pollution.
To analyze the relationship between the nearby land use of the studied stream and its water quality.
To study the management strategies of river and coastal systems.

Values

To concern the rural environment that is affect by urban encroachment.

Skills

To collect data by field equipment and conduct laboratory work.
Land use mapping
To use WAAS

7

Exploring Urban Environment

Course Intro

Urban environmental quality exhibits spatial variation, which can be partly explained by the concept of “distance decay”. This course allows students to test the validity of the hypothesis of the relationship between the environmental quality of urban area in Cheung Chau and its distance from the city centre by applying correlation coefficient. Other factors of the spatial variation are also discussed. This topic is relevant to the curriculum of “Building a Sustainable City”.

Field-sites

Cheung Chau downtown

Knowledge

To apply the concept of “distance decay” in the context of the “urban environmental quality”

To understand the concepts of Geographic Information System

Values

To develop students’ awareness of sustainable development

Skills

Transect sampling
To understand the statistical techniques and their application in geographical phenomenon
To experience ArcGIS for spatial analysis

8

Urban Land Use

Course Intro

Urban land use is a core topic in Urban Geography. In this course, land use classification is used to find out the land use model of urban area in Cheung Chau. Factors affecting urban land use pattern are also examined. Afterwards, students are asked to apply the concept of sustainable development in an urban plan which targets to enhance the sustainability in Cheung Chau. This topic is relevant to the curriculum of “Building a Sustainable City”.

Field-sites

Cheung Chau downtown

Knowledge

To examine the types of land use and their distribution pattern in Cheung Chau
To examine the sustainability of the land use in Cheung Chau
To understand the concepts of Geographic Information System *

Values

To develop students’ awareness of sustainable development.

Skills

Transect sampling
Land use mapping
To experience ArcGIS for spatial analysis *

* not included ArcGIS session for 1-day courses

9

Woodland Ecosystem Discovery

Course Intro

By comparing and contrasting the characteristics between woodland and grassland through a series of laboratory work, students explore the interrelationship among biotic components and abiotic components in the ecosystem. This study helps students to have a more thorough understanding of the importance of tropical rain forest. This topic is relevant to the curriculum of “Disappearing Green Canopy”.

Field-sites

Chi Ma Hang Road, Cheung Chau

Knowledge

To understand abiotic components and biotic components from woodland ecosystem
To understand the interrelationships between abiotic and biotic components

Values

To develop a sense of tropical rainforests protection

Skills

Transect sampling
Data collection of vegetation, soil, animal and insects, and micro-climate
Laboratory work of soil properties

10

Studies of Island Weather

Course Intro

Subject to physical factors and human factors, weather varies a lot. This course allows students to collect weather information from different field sites in Cheung Chau. Through hypothesis testing, the collected data is used to reflect the interrelationship of weather elements and the reasons for regional weather differences can be induced. This topic is relevant to the curriculum of “Weather and Climate”.

Field-sites

Cheung Chau

Knowledge

To understand the weather elements and the factors contributing to the weather differences
To examine how the natural factors and human activities affect weather

Values

to be sensitive to the changing environment around us

Skills

To use different field equipment to measure weather elements
Hypothesis testing
To draw broken-line graph to process weather data

11

Dynamic Earth: From Theory to Practice of Geoconservation

Course Intro

Lai Chi Chong is a field site rich in geological characteristics. It is also one of the famous Geoparks in Hong Kong. Geotourism is a new trend in sightseeing; its success still depends on the collaboration of different stakeholders. In this course, students explore the opportunities and difficulties of geotourism through issue-based learning. This topic is relevant to the curriculum of “Dynamic Earth”.

Field-sites

Lai Chi Chong, Sai Kung

Knowledge

To examine the underlying factors and processes in shaping the geology and geomorphology of the study area
To investigate the possibility of development of geotourism in the study area

Values

To cherish the invaluable geology resources in Hong Kong

Skills

Skill of geology field work
Different angles of critical thinking